ME 404





Instruction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4 Periods per week

Duration of University Examination                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3 Hours

University Examination                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    75 Marks

Sessional                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        25 Marks




Introduction : Definition and Scope of Operations Research.


Linear Programming: Introduction, Formulation of linear programming problems, graphical method of solving LP problem, simplex method, maximization and minimization, Degeneracy in LPP, Unbounded and, Infeaseable solutions.




Duality : Definition, Relationship between primal and dual solutions, Economic Interpretation, Post optimal of sensitivity analysis, Dual Simplex Method.




Transportation Models : Finding an initial feasible solution - North West corner method, Least cost method, Vogel’s Approximation method, Finding the optimal solution, optimal solution by stepping stone and MODI methods, Special cases in Transportation problems - Unbalanced Transportation problem.


Assignment Problems : Hungarian method of Assignment problem, Maximization in Assignment problem, unbalanced problem, problems with restrictions, travelling salesman problems.




Replacement Models : Introduction, replacement of items that deteriorate igoring change in money value, replacement of items that deteriorate considering change in money value with time, replacement of items that fail suddenly - Individual replacement policy, Group replacement policy.

Game Theory: Introduction, 2 person zero sum games, Maximi - Minimax principle, Principle of Dominance, Solution for mixed strategy problems, Graphical method for 2 x n and m x 2 games.




Sequencing Models : Introduction, General assumptions, processing n jobs through 2 machines, processing ‘n’ jobs through m machines, Processing 2 jobs through m machines.


Queuing Theory : Introduction, single channel - poission arrivals - exponential service times with infinite population & finite population, Multi channel - poisson arrivals - Exponential service times with infinite population.


Introduction to optimization Techniques: Single objective & Multi objective optimization Techniques like G.A, NSGA, P.Q.O. & MPSO Techniques.


Suggested Reading :


1.          Hamdy, A. Taha, “Operations Research-An Introduction”, Sixth Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1997.


2.          S.D. Sharma, “Operations Research “, Kedarnath, Ramnath & Co., Meerut, 2009.


3.          Hrvey M. Wagner, “Principles of Operations Research “, Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1980.


4.          V.K. Kapoor, “Operations Research “, S. Chand Publishers,New Delhi, 2004.


5.          R. Paneer Selvam, “Operations Research“, Second Edition, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2008.


6.          Prof. Shanker Narasimha, "Data Reconciliation".



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